Press Releases

U.S. Rents Continue to Rise as For-Sale Inventory Dries Up

Rents are rising at nearly their fastest pace of the year, and will likely continue to accelerate into 2020

- Rents grew 2.3% year-over-year in October, driving the median U.S. rent up to $1,600.

- The typical home in the U.S. is worth $231,700, 4.7% higher than a year ago. That's the lowest annual growth since February 2013.

- Inventory fell 6.3% year-over-year, the most in 18 months after a brief period of gains earlier this year. There are 101,724 fewer homes on the market than a year ago.

Nov 21, 2019

SEATTLE, Nov. 21, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- National rent growth is on the rise, according to the October Zillow® Real Estate Market Report.i The rate of year-over-year appreciation has increased in each of the past four months.

The typical rent in the U.S. is now $1,600, an annual increase of 2.3% in October – just off yearly highs. Looking at month-over-month changes, however, the rate of growth has slowed in each of the past three months. Still, it's likely that yearly growth will continue to accelerate through the end of the year.

Rents grew in most of the country, falling in only two of the 35 largest metros – rents dropped 1.8% annually in Columbus and 0.6% annually in Houston. What's more, the rate of appreciation has increased since a year ago in 26 of those large markets, most significantly in Las Vegas (3.1 percentage-point gain), Kansas City (2.8 percentage-point gain) and New York (2.3 percentage-point gain).

The hottest rental markets were Phoenix (up 6.4% annually), Las Vegas (up 5.2%) and Charlotte (up 4%).

Inventory fell 6.3% annually, the biggest drop in 18 months after a short-lived recovery prior to home shopping season. The inventory decline was sharpest in the bottom-third of the market, which is down 9.4% year-over-year. A lack of available inventory could be keeping more people in the rental market, increasing demand and putting pressure on rents.

"Despite some fearful headlines, the U.S. economy keeps on trucking, and that is reflected in the continued rent growth across the country. The unemployment rate remains near record lows and wage growth keeps adding to renters' pocketbooks," said Zillow Director of Economic Research Skylar Olsen. "The story of today's rent growth is far from just that of a few expensive superstar cities – rather, growing demand for rental housing is bumping up against limited housing supply and low vacancies all across the country."

Annual home value growth in the U.S. slowed for the tenth consecutive month, down to 4.7% year-over-year – the lowest since February 2013. The typical home in the U.S. is now worth $231,700. Quarterly growth was down slightly from the previous month, leveling out after heating up since June. 

Only one market is growing faster than a year ago: home values in Austin are up 7.8% year-over-year, compared to 6.6% growth in October 2018. The Austin market has accelerated especially quickly in the past quarter, up more than three percentage points since July – most in the country among large markets. After Austin, the fastest-growing large markets are Charlotte (up 6.9%), which is also among the hottest rental markets, and Columbus (up 6.6%), the coldest rental market.

Once again, San Jose and San Francisco were the only two large markets that saw home values fall year-over-year. Home values are down 11.1% annually in San Jose and 3% annually in San Francisco. Home values also fell month-over-month in Dallas and Indianapolis, marking the first monthly drops since May in each market.

Mortgage rates listed on Zillow rose slightly in October. Rates reached their monthly low of 3.55% on October 4, then peaked at 3.76% on October 11. Rates ended October at 3.6%, up one basis point from the start of the month. Zillow's real-time mortgage rates are based on thousands of custom mortgage quotes submitted daily to anonymous borrowers on the Zillow Mortgages site and reflect recent changes in the market.

Metropolitan Area

Zillow Home
Value Index,
October
2019

ZHVI Year-
over-Year
Change

Zillow Rent
Index,
October
2019

ZRI Year-
over-Year
Change

Inventory
Year-over-
Year Change

United States

$231,700

4.7%

$1,600

2.3%

-6.3%

New York, NY

$445,600

2.7%

$2,305

2.7%

-1.1%

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

$659,100

1.4%

$2,614

1.4%

-11.4%

Chicago, IL

$227,100

2.1%

$1,600

1.0%

1.1%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$243,700

3.3%

$1,461

1.3%

1.6%

Philadelphia, PA

$235,600

2.3%

$1,517

2.4%

-11.0%

Houston, TX

$208,200

3.0%

$1,386

-0.6%

-2.8%

Washington, DC

$414,500

2.9%

$2,000

2.7%

-16.8%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$288,800

3.0%

$1,876

1.2%

-3.3%

Atlanta, GA

$225,300

6.0%

$1,477

3.6%

3.1%

Boston, MA

$469,000

2.0%

$2,369

2.2%

-4.1%

San Francisco, CA

$935,100

-3.0%

$3,150

1.0%

-4.6%

Detroit, MI

$163,600

3.5%

$1,230

1.7%

10.1%

Riverside, CA

$374,000

2.9%

$1,915

3.7%

-12.9%

Phoenix, AZ

$273,700

5.1%

$1,445

6.4%

-15.0%

Seattle, WA

$497,400

1.7%

$2,037

2.1%

-28.4%

Minneapolis-St Paul, MN

$274,600

4.0%

$1,516

1.7%

-4.1%

San Diego, CA

$596,300

0.8%

$2,548

3.9%

-15.3%

St. Louis, MO

$168,800

2.6%

$1,034

3.4%

-15.0%

Tampa, FL

$221,100

5.3%

$1,425

2.8%

-7.8%

Baltimore, MD

$268,200

0.5%

$1,611

0.4%

-7.8%

Denver, CO

$413,500

2.9%

$1,793

1.9%

-3.7%

Pittsburgh, PA

$148,000

3.6%

$1,108

1.3%

-16.2%

Portland, OR

$399,900

1.7%

$1,705

2.9%

-16.4%

Charlotte, NC

$215,500

6.9%

$1,359

4.0%

-4.4%

Sacramento, CA

$416,500

3.2%

$1,825

3.7%

-20.5%

San Antonio, TX

$197,400

4.2%

$1,223

0.1%

10.9%

Orlando, FL

$242,900

4.5%

$1,446

2.5%

-10.2%

Cincinnati, OH

$172,800

5.0%

$1,179

3.1%

-17.9%

Cleveland, OH

$150,000

4.6%

$1,081

1.7%

-4.9%

Kansas City, MO

$193,800

3.2%

$1,134

2.2%

-16.3%

Las Vegas, NV

$278,800

0.9%

$1,365

5.2%

13.8%

Columbus, OH

$198,100

6.6%

$1,186

-1.8%

-13.0%

Indianapolis, IN

$170,000

6.3%

$1,125

2.7%

N/A

San Jose, CA

$1,137,500

-11.1%

$3,318

0.5%

-5.6%

Austin, TX

$325,600

7.8%

$1,612

3.2%

-14.3%

About Zillow
Zillow® is transforming how people buy, sell, rent and finance homes by creating seamless real estate transactions for today's on-demand consumer. Zillow is the leading real estate and rental marketplace and a trusted source for data, inspiration and knowledge among both consumers and real estate professionals. 

Zillow's proprietary data, technology and industry partnerships put Zillow at nearly every major point of the home shopping experience, helping consumers search for and get into their new home faster. Zillow now offers a fully integrated home shopping experience that includes access to for sale and rental listings, Zillow Offers®, which provides a new, hassle-free way to buy and sell eligible homes directly through Zillow; and Zillow Home Loans, Zillow's affiliated lender that provides an easy way to receive mortgage pre-approvals and financing. Zillow Premier Agent instantly connects buyers and sellers with its network of real estate professionals to help guide them through the home shopping process. For renters, Zillow's innovations are streamlining the way people search, tour, apply and pay rent for leased properties. 

In addition to Zillow.com, Zillow operates the most popular suite of mobile real estate apps, with more than two dozen apps across all major platforms. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z and ZG) and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow and Zillow Offers are registered trademarks of Zillow, Inc.

i The Zillow Real Estate Market Reports are a monthly overview of the national and local real estate markets. The reports are compiled by Zillow Real Estate Research. For more information, visit www.zillow.com/research/. The data in Zillow's Real Estate Market Reports are aggregated from public sources by a number of data providers for 928 metropolitan and micropolitan areas dating back to 1996. Mortgage and home loan data are typically recorded in each county and publicly available through a county recorder's office. All current monthly data at the national, state, metro, city, ZIP code and neighborhood level can be accessed at www.zillow.com/research/data.

 

SOURCE Zillow

For further information: Alex Lacter, Zillow, press@zillow.com