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Recent Grads Are Living at Home More in Markets with the Biggest Boom and Bust Cycles

Looser lending standards and plentiful inventory made it easier for young graduates to move out of their parents' homes in the mid-2000s than it is today

- The share of college graduates in their twenties who live with their parents increased from 19 percent in 2005 to 28 percent in 2016.

- Las Vegas and Riverside, Calif. saw some of the most pronounced bubbles and busts, and had the biggest increases in the percentage of recent graduates who are living at home.

- Over the same time period, young college graduates became less likely to live with a romantic partner, falling from 44 percent to 34 percent.

May 8, 2018

SEATTLE, May 8, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Young college graduates are more likely to be living with their parents than they were before the housing bubble, especially in places that had a more exaggerated boom and subsequent crash.

A new Zillow® analysis of Census data finds the share of college graduates in their twenties increased the most between 2005 and 2016 in Las Vegas and Riverside, Calif. Nationally, 28 percent of recent college graduates live with their parents, up from 19 percent in 2005.

When the housing bubble was at its height, it was much easier to get a loan, and the building boom meant there were plenty of homes for buyers. For young college graduates at the time, moving out was a more manageable option. Today, tighter lending standards, high home prices and constrained inventory make breaking into the home-buying market more difficult for recent graduates.

Between 2005 and 2016, the share of recent college graduates living with parents increased from 13 percent to 39 percent in Las Vegas, which experienced one of the most dramatic boom and bust cycles among the nation's largest markets. Near the end of 2004, homes were gaining nearly 50 percent in value each year. When the market collapsed, home values plunged by 62 percent, more than any other major U.S. market. Riverside, Calif. saw a similarly intense bubble and crash. The share of recent graduates living at home there increased from 27 percent to 51 percent in 2016.

"In the mid-2000s, lending standards and an abundant supply of homes made it easier for recent grads to move out and form their own households instead of living with their parents," said Zillow senior economist Aaron Terrazas. "Those market conditions have changed drastically over the past decade as we went through the housing bust. Adding to that, as many millennials who recently graduated into the Great Recession can attest, underemployment or more precarious jobs make it much harder to save up enough to move out. When rents keep climbing and competition is fierce for the most affordable homes, living with mom and dad can be a good option to build up some savings."

As more young graduates live with parents, the share living with a romantic partner was on the decline. In every large metro, a smaller share of college graduates in their twenties live with a partner than did in 2005. Las Vegas had the biggest decline in the share of recent graduates living as a couple, falling from 47 percent to 29 percent.


Share of College Graduates
in 20s, Living with Parents

Share of College Graduates
in 20s, Living with Partner

Metropolitan Area

2005

2016

2005

2016

United States

19%

28%

44%

34%

New York, NY

36%

42%

30%

22%

Los Angeles, CA

28%

38%

29%

23%

Chicago, IL

25%

34%

38%

30%

Dallas, TX

10%

22%

51%

39%

Philadelphia, PA

30%

38%

36%

28%

Houston, TX

23%

28%

41%

38%

Washington, DC

16%

29%

38%

29%

Miami, FL

29%

45%

36%

24%

Atlanta, GA

14%

26%

45%

34%

Boston, MA

20%

30%

37%

29%

San Francisco, CA

25%

26%

34%

27%

Detroit, MI

29%

35%

42%

37%

Riverside, CA

27%

51%

41%

29%

Phoenix, AZ

12%

22%

49%

34%

Seattle, WA

10%

16%

49%

38%

Minneapolis, MN

13%

22%

45%

43%

San Diego, CA

14%

25%

38%

32%

Saint Louis, MO

18%

22%

50%

40%

Tampa, FL

13%

27%

47%

38%

Baltimore, MD

18%

27%

43%

36%

Denver, CO

12%

15%

48%

44%

Pittsburgh, PA

24%

29%

39%

35%

Portland, OR

11%

22%

57%

41%

Charlotte, NC

10%

21%

47%

40%

Sacramento, CA

14%

33%

46%

33%

San Antonio, TX

14%

32%

46%

31%

Orlando, FL

11%

24%

46%

33%

Cincinnati, OH

13%

23%

53%

41%

Cleveland, OH

23%

29%

43%

36%

Kansas City, MO

11%

19%

52%

45%

Las Vegas, NV

13%

39%

47%

29%

Columbus, OH

9%

15%

50%

43%

Indianapolis, IN

12%

21%

56%

41%

San Jose, CA

22%

26%

46%

32%

Austin, TX

5%

13%

44%

32%

Zillow

Zillow is the leading real estate and rental marketplace dedicated to empowering consumers with data, inspiration and knowledge around the place they call home, and connecting them with the best local professionals who can help. In addition, Zillow operates an industry-leading economics and analytics bureau led by Zillow's Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. Dr. Gudell and her team of economists and data analysts produce extensive housing data and research covering more than 450 markets at Zillow Real Estate Research. Zillow also sponsors the quarterly Zillow Home Price Expectations Survey, which asks more than 100 leading economists, real estate experts and investment and market strategists to predict the path of the Zillow Home Value Index over the next five years. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z and ZG), and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow is a registered trademark of Zillow, Inc.

 

SOURCE Zillow

For further information: Lauren Braun, Zillow, [email protected]


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