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Owners of the Least Expensive Homes Gaining Wealth Faster Than Any Other Homeowner

But tight inventory and strong demand for these homes make it difficult for buyers to enter the market

- Owners of starter homes have gained 44 percent in equity over the past five years, while owners of the most valuable homes have gained 27 percent over the same time period.

- Affordable homes in Tampa, Florida saw the greatest appreciation over the past year among the largest U.S. metros, gaining 20 percent in value.

- Seattle and the Bay Area are the only large markets where the most valuable homes are gaining value faster than affordable homes.

Feb 16, 2018

SEATTLE, Feb. 16, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Owners of starter homes across the country are gaining equity faster than other homeowners because demand for entry-level homes continues to grow faster than supply.

The phenomenon – which has become more pronounced over the past few years -- underscores the power of homeownership to build wealth, particularly among the middle class.

For this analysis, Zillow® divided the U.S. housing stock into equal thirds based on value and determined the median value of the most and least valuable homes. Over the past year, homes in the most affordable segment of the market, which are often sought after by first-time buyers, gained 8.5 percent in value, compared to a 3.6 percent gain for the most expensive homes. Over the past five years, the difference is even more noticeable -- people who own starter homes have seen their equity grow by 44.4 percent, while owners of top-tier homes have gained 26.6 percent.

A home is the biggest financial asset and a significant share of net worth for many homeowners. Less affluent homeowners typically have more of their wealth in their homes than homeowners with a higher net worthi. Owners of more affordable homes are seeing their homes' value, and therefore their overall wealth, grow rapidly.

"When the housing market crashed, owners of the least valuable homes were especially hard hit, and lost more home value than homeowners at the upper end of the market," said Zillow senior economist Aaron Terrazas. "Since then, though, demand for less expensive, entry-level homes has built steadily, causing prices to grow rapidly. As a result, these homeowners have been able to build wealth at a faster pace than owners of more expensive homes."  

Strong home value appreciation among more affordable homes is beneficial for people who own those homes, but also makes it difficult for buyers trying to enter the market. Inventory among the most affordable homes is extremely limited, making for a highly competitive market going into home shopping season -- there are nearly 18 percent fewer entry-level homes available now than a year ago.

Among the largest U.S. housing markets, owners of the cheapest homes in Tampa, Florida are seeing the greatest gains in home equity. Over the past year, these homes have gained 20.4 percent in value. Las Vegas homeowners are close behind. The most affordable homes there have appreciated 19.9 percent from last year.

San Francisco, Seattle and San Jose, California are the only large markets where the most expensive homes are gaining value faster than starter homes.

Metropolitan Area

Bottom
Tier ZHVI

1-Year
Change -
Bottom
Tier

5-Year
Change -
Bottom
Tier

Top Tier
ZHVI

1-Year
Change -
Top Tier

5-Year
Change -
Top Tier

United States

$120,100

8.5%

44.4%

$363,000

3.6%

26.6%

New York, NY

$260,200

8.5%

24.1%

$790,600

5.7%

29.2%

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

$436,700

9.0%

66.2%

$1,062,000

7.8%

44.7%

Chicago, IL

$122,100

5.0%

31.6%

$373,400

1.3%

19.6%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$132,100

10.5%

78.8%

$391,100

5.4%

46.5%

Philadelphia, PA

$117,800

5.2%

16.7%

$388,900

3.0%

16.1%

Houston, TX

$125,300

12.7%

71.4%

$331,200

2.6%

28.3%

Washington, DC

$238,700

3.1%

34.1%

$666,600

-0.1%

13.9%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$138,100

10.1%

102.2%

$463,000

2.1%

39.2%

Atlanta, GA

$107,300

12.8%

77.9%

$366,500

4.0%

41.1%

Boston, MA

$283,400

8.5%

41.5%

$732,600

5.2%

33.9%

San Francisco, CA

$530,900

9.5%

103.3%

$1,559,400

11.6%

70.4%

Detroit, MI

$53,700

17.2%

46.3%

$286,600

4.0%

41.3%

Riverside, CA

$226,900

9.7%

87.2%

$498,500

6.9%

46.8%

Phoenix, AZ

$166,900

9.8%

85.4%

$410,200

4.7%

30.5%

Seattle, WA

$298,300

12.1%

79.7%

$832,900

13.5%

67.9%

Minneapolis-St Paul, MN

$171,700

6.2%

48.0%

$391,800

3.0%

26.4%

San Diego, CA

$416,300

7.7%

64.6%

$876,700

6.9%

37.8%

St. Louis, MO

$77,400

6.5%

20.0%

$280,400

-1.8%

17.4%

Tampa, FL

$110,500

20.4%

95.2%

$337,400

1.5%

43.1%

Baltimore, MD

$138,700

3.8%

13.9%

$452,100

-0.3%

10.8%

Denver, CO

$267,600

9.5%

92.8%

$577,600

5.7%

45.9%

Pittsburgh, PA

$75,400

9.9%

27.4%

$249,600

2.1%

21.9%

Portland, OR

$274,300

8.3%

80.3%

$559,600

2.6%

50.9%

Charlotte, NC

$107,900

16.9%

40.1%

$347,900

5.5%

30.6%

Sacramento, CA

$270,400

9.8%

101.0%

$565,200

5.6%

44.1%

San Antonio, TX

$103,500

18.4%

50.4%

$296,600

5.7%

27.0%

Orlando, FL

$126,300

12.6%

86.3%

$334,400

0.9%

35.5%

Cincinnati, OH

$95,400

8.8%

28.1%

$276,100

3.4%

20.7%

Cleveland, OH

$70,400

8.0%

19.3%

$250,100

3.4%

18.4%

Las Vegas, NV

$151,700

19.9%

104.4%

$368,300

9.7%

59.6%

Columbus, OH

$94,900

12.3%

40.2%

$312,600

6.5%

31.8%

San Jose, CA

$751,000

18.0%

87.6%

$2,096,700

18.9%

73.8%

Austin, TX

$189,000

8.1%

57.9%

$479,900

5.5%

37.8%

Virginia Beach, VA

$142,200

2.5%

9.9%

$359,400

0.5%

9.0%

Nashville, TN

$147,700

14.3%

58.5%

$407,800

6.7%

41.2%

Zillow

Zillow is the leading real estate and rental marketplace dedicated to empowering consumers with data, inspiration and knowledge around the place they call home, and connecting them with the best local professionals who can help. In addition, Zillow operates an industry-leading economics and analytics bureau led by Zillow's Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. Dr. Gudell and her team of economists and data analysts produce extensive housing data and research covering more than 450 markets at Zillow Real Estate Research. Zillow also sponsors the quarterly Zillow Home Price Expectations Survey, which asks more than 100 leading economists, real estate experts and investment and market strategists to predict the path of the Zillow Home Value Index over the next five years. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z and ZG), and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow is a registered trademark of Zillow, Inc.

i https://www.zillow.com/research/black-hispanic-home-wealth-16753/

 

SOURCE Zillow

For further information: Lauren Braun, Zillow, press@zillow.com


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