Press Releases

For Least Valuable U.S. Homes, Housing Crisis Recovery Lagging

Homes in the bottom third of the market lost 30 percent of their value during the housing bust and have yet to regain it

- National home values rose 6.9 percent from August 2016, to a Zillow Home Value Index (ZHVI) of $201,900. Home values in Seattle, Tampa, Fla. and San Jose saw the strongest appreciation.

- Rents across the country are up 1.9 percent year-over-year, to a Zillow Rent Index (ZRI) of $1,430 per month, with rent in Sacramento, Calif. and Seattle appreciating the most.

- The top and bottom thirds of the market in Detroit have seen the most uneven recovery in terms of homes regaining the value lost following the housing crisis.

Sep 21, 2017

SEATTLE, Sept. 21, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Median home values are reaching new peaks in more than half of the nation's largest housing markets, but a closer look at which homes are regaining value reveals an uneven recovery in the biggest markets.

More than 50 percent of U.S. homes have reached or surpassed the value they reached during the housing boom period, according to the August Zillow® Real Estate Market Reporti, but the types of homes that are recovering are not the same, particularly in the most populated places. In 24 of the nation's largest 35 markets, the homes in the bottom third of the market are least likely to have recovered the value lost when the housing bubble burst.

Detroit has seen one of the least balanced recoveries following the Great Recession. Nearly two-thirds of the most expensive homes in Detroit have regained the value lost when the market collapsed. The typical top-tier home value in Detroit is $284,800, higher than it was during the housing bubble. In comparison, homes in the bottom third have only regained 33.7 percent of their lost value, and are now worth a median of $53,000. Only 10.6 percent of these homes have fully returned to their peak values.

As homes are often the most expensive asset someone owns, the recovery contributes to the growing wealth gap across the country. Household incomes show a similar pattern of inequality, according to newly released Census dataii. The median household income across the United States increased in 2016, but those in the top 20 percent of earners took home more than half of the overall income.

"The housing market as a whole is moving at a steady clip, with high demand and low inventory combining to maintain strong home value appreciation," said Zillow Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. "Most new construction has been at the higher end of the market, so demand for the limited supply of entry-level homes is pushing up their values, but these homes also lost more value when the bubble burst. Many of these homeowners are still waiting to see their homes come back to where they were about 10 years ago. Even as headline numbers show an overall recovery, there are still thousands of Americans struggling to bounce back from the housing bust."

The median home value in the U.S. rose 6.9 percent over the last year to a Zillow Home Value Indexiii of $201,900. Seattle is the only major U.S. market where home values rose at a double-digit annual pace, up 12.4 percent since last August to a median home value of $453,100. Tampa home values rose 9.3 percent, and the median home is worth $187,400.

Annual rent appreciation grew for the fourth consecutive month, with rents increasing 1.9 percent from last August to a Zillow Rent Indexiv of $1,430.

Limited inventory leaves few options for buyers. Nationally there were 12.6 percent fewer homes available in August 2017 than there were in August 2016. San Jose and San Diego saw the biggest annual declines in inventory, down 59.4 percent and 37.2 percent respectively.

Mortgage ratesv on Zillow ended August at 3.62 percent, near the lowest level of the month. Rates moved steadily lower throughout the month after starting at a high of 3.72 percentvi. Zillow's real-time mortgage rates are based on thousands of custom mortgage quotes submitted daily to anonymous borrowers on the Zillow Mortgages site and reflect the most recent changes in the market.

Metropolitan Area

Zillow
Home Value
Index (ZHVI)

ZHVI Year-
over-Year
Change (%)

Zillow Rent
Index (ZRI)

ZRI Year-
over-Year
Change (%)

Fully Recovered
Bottom-Tier
Homes (%)

United States

$201,900

6.9%

$1,430

1.9%

47.0%

New York, NY

$427,300

8.7%

$2,388

-0.3%

13.0%

Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA

$612,400

6.0%

$2,707

4.4%

26.8%

Chicago, IL

$213,300

6.5%

$1,647

0.5%

12.7%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$213,000

8.7%

$1,588

2.9%

94.6%

Philadelphia, PA

$218,800

3.5%

$1,577

0.1%

49.8%

Houston, TX

$182,100

4.8%

$1,532

-2.7%

N/A

Washington, DC

$384,500

3.2%

$2,132

0.6%

13.8%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$256,100

6.5%

$1,850

-1.6%

4.1%

Atlanta, GA

$181,700

7.9%

$1,365

4.0%

38.8%

Boston, MA

$430,200

7.6%

$2,365

2.3%

46.7%

San Francisco, CA

$864,300

6.5%

$3,377

-0.6%

51.9%

Detroit, MI

$142,200

8.6%

$1,168

-0.2%

10.6%

Riverside, CA

$332,000

5.6%

$1,821

5.2%

2.4%

Phoenix, AZ

$239,100

6.4%

$1,334

3.0%

7.2%

Seattle, WA

$453,100

12.4%

$2,176

5.4%

88.2%

Minneapolis-St Paul, MN

$247,400

7.4%

$1,609

4.6%

22.0%

San Diego, CA

$552,400

6.2%

$2,518

4.0%

39.5%

St. Louis, MO

$148,200

2.1%

$1,138

1.1%

30.1%

Tampa, FL

$187,400

9.3%

$1,360

2.2%

4.9%

Baltimore, MD

$261,600

3.6%

$1,731

0.1%

27.5%

Denver, CO

$372,400

8.0%

$2,030

1.1%

99.8%

Pittsburgh, PA

$138,900

5.1%

$1,080

-1.2%

N/A

Portland, OR

$369,900

8.0%

$1,851

4.3%

99.3%

Charlotte, NC

$177,800

8.7%

$1,278

3.6%

83.0%

Sacramento, CA

$372,300

8.3%

$1,773

5.6%

5.6%

San Antonio, TX

$166,200

8.1%

$1,334

1.3%

N/A

Orlando, FL

$208,900

9.0%

$1,420

3.6%

1.9%

Cincinnati, OH

$153,900

5.9%

$1,270

2.6%

50.3%

Cleveland, OH

$136,400

6.6%

$1,142

-0.4%

8.6%

Kansas City, MO

$160,600

6.8%

$1,267

2.7%

44.6%

Las Vegas, NV

$230,100

8.9%

N/A

N/A

0.2%

Columbus, OH

$165,100

5.4%

$1,315

1.9%

56.5%

Indianapolis, IN

$138,900

4.8%

$1,197

0.3%

72.0%

San Jose, CA

$1,038,900

9.1%

$3,485

-0.6%

92.1%

Austin, TX

$273,400

6.4%

$1,696

-0.8%

N/A

Zillow
Zillow® is the leading real estate and rental marketplace dedicated to empowering consumers with data, inspiration and knowledge around the place they call home, and connecting them with the best local professionals who can help. In addition, Zillow operates an industry-leading economics and analytics bureau led by Zillow's Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. Dr. Gudell and her team of economists and data analysts produce extensive housing data and research covering more than 450 markets at Zillow Real Estate Research. Zillow also sponsors the quarterly Zillow Home Price Expectations Survey, which asks more than 100 leading economists, real estate experts and investment and market strategists to predict the path of the Zillow Home Value Index over the next five years. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group, Inc. (NASDAQ:Z and ZG), and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow is a registered trademark of Zillow, Inc.

i The Zillow Real Estate Market Reports are a monthly overview of the national and local real estate markets. The reports are compiled by Zillow Real Estate Research. For more information, visit www.zillow.com/research/. The data in Zillow's Real Estate Market Reports are aggregated from public sources by a number of data providers for 928 metropolitan and micropolitan areas dating back to 1996. Mortgage and home loan data are typically recorded in each county and publicly available through a county recorder's office. All current monthly data at the national, state, metro, city, ZIP code and neighborhood level can be accessed at www.zillow.com/local-info/ and www.zillow.com/research/data.
ii https://www.census.gov/library/publications/2017/demo/p60-259.html
iii The Zillow Home Value Index (ZHVI) is the median estimated home value for a given geographic area on a given day and includes the value of all single-family residences, condominiums and cooperatives, regardless of whether they sold within a given period. It is expressed in dollars, and seasonally adjusted.
iv The Zillow Rent Index (ZRI) is the median Rent Zestimate® (estimated monthly rental price) for a given geographic area on a given day, and includes the value of all single-family residences, condominiums, cooperatives and apartments in Zillow's database, regardless of whether they are currently listed for rent. It is expressed in dollars. 
v Mortgage rates for a 30-year fixed mortgage
vi Monthly high occurred on August 1st

 

SOURCE Zillow

For further information: Lauren Braun, Zillow, press@zillow.com


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