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More than a Quarter of U.S. Homes Lost Value in the Last Year

As the housing market levels off, some markets are struggling to leave the recession behind

- In Baltimore, 48.1 percent of homes decreased in value over the past year.

- Hot markets in the West had fewer homes losing value in August than they did a year ago.

- The U.S. Zillow Home Value Index grew 3.3 percent to $180,800.

Sep 22, 2015

SEATTLE, Sept. 22, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- More than a quarter of homes across the country lost value over the past year, despite the ongoing housing market recovery, according to the Zillow® August Real Estate Market Report[i]. Some markets have already surpassed home values reached at the height of the housing bubble, while other markets are struggling to leave the recession behind.

Nationally, homes appreciated 3.3 percent from a year ago, rising to a Zillow Home Value Index[ii] of $180,800. The national growth rate has leveled off over the past five months, suggesting the housing recovery is ending and the market is returning to normal. However, 27.9 percent of homes lost value over the past year. Before the housing market crashed, an average of 21.2 percent of homes were losing value. In December 2008, 81.6 percent of homes lost value, the highest amount during the recession.

Markets on the East Coast and in the Midwest had the highest share of homes that lost value. A staggering 48.1 percent of homes in Baltimore decreased in value over the past year. Philadelphia (43.4 percent) and Washington, DC (41.2 percent) also had large shares of homes losing value.

Conversely, few homes lost value in hot markets like Denver, Dallas, San Jose, and San Francisco, which all saw double-digit home value growth over the past year. Less than five percent of homes in Denver (1.5 percent) and Dallas (4 percent) were worth less in August 2015 than they were a year ago.

"We're not going in reverse, but we are hitting the brakes a bit in some markets," said Zillow Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. "It's easy to say the recession is over when a third of the biggest markets are more expensive now than ever before, but we're still seeing a number of homes losing value. The reality is there are still areas lagging behind in the recovery."

Renters looking to become homeowners may find more opportunities in slower markets like Philadelphia. According to the January 2015 Zillow Housing Confidence Index[iii], when home values there were growing at 2.8 percent annually, eight percent of renters in the area said they planned to buy within a year. This jumped to 18 percent in the most recent survey, when home value growth was nearly flat at 0.3 percent.

Rents are still growing faster than home values. The Zillow Rent Index[iv] rose 3.8 percent on an annual basis to $1,381, giving potential buyers another reason to consider entering the market.

Metro Name

August 2015 Zillow
Home Value Index
(ZHVI)

Year-over-Year
Percent Change in
ZHVI

Percent of Homes
Decreasing in Value

United States

$        180,800

3.3%

27.9%

New York-Northern New Jersey

$        384,100

1.3%

38.6%

Los Angeles, CA

$        544,300

4.1%

13.6%

Chicago, IL

$        191,200

2.5%

35.8%

Dallas-Fort Worth, TX

$        168,000

13.8%

4.0%

Philadelphia, PA

$        202,200

0.3%

43.4%

Houston, TX

$        162,000

8.1%

 N/A

Washington, DC

$        358,000

-0.3%

41.2%

Miami-Fort Lauderdale, FL

$        222,800

9.8%

16.3%

Atlanta, GA

$        158,600

5.7%

22.4%

Boston, MA

$        376,000

4.2%

13.5%

San Francisco, CA

$        764,600

11.8%

5.2%

Detroit, MI

$        118,700

5.9%

26.7%

Riverside, CA

$        290,200

5.0%

25.7%

Phoenix, AZ

$        206,400

6.3%

16.1%

Seattle, WA

$        355,400

7.2%

7.0%

Minneapolis-St Paul, MN

$        212,500

2.4%

25.0%

San Diego, CA

$        483,800

5.6%

12.7%

St. Louis, MO

$        136,300

5.9%

27.3%

Tampa, FL

$        153,600

6.4%

18.6%

Baltimore, MD

$        240,400

-0.9%

48.1%

Denver, CO

$        308,600

16.3%

1.5%

Pittsburgh, PA

$        125,200

1.9%

37.1%

Portland, OR

$        295,600

9.1%

7.2%

Sacramento, CA

$        341,000

5.9%

18.4%

San Antonio, TX

$        150,500

4.4%

 N/A

Orlando, FL

$        174,100

4.8%

18.1%

Cincinnati, OH

$        137,100

1.3%

32.6%

Cleveland, OH

$        122,900

2.2%

31.5%

Kansas City, MO

$        143,500

4.7%

 N/A

Las Vegas, NV

$        190,700

7.0%

16.2%

San Jose, CA

$        904,000

12.5%

6.5%

Columbus, OH

$        150,500

5.2%

23.6%

Charlotte, NC

$        162,400

4.6%

20.0%

Indianapolis, IN

$        132,800

3.6%

 N/A

Austin, TX

$        235,000

8.6%

 N/A

Zillow

Zillow® is the leading real estate and rental marketplace dedicated to empowering consumers with data, inspiration and knowledge around the place they call home, and connecting them with the best local professionals who can help. In addition, Zillow operates an industry-leading economics and analytics bureau led by Zillow's Chief Economist Dr. Svenja Gudell. Dr. Gudell and her team of economists and data analysts produce extensive housing data and research covering more than 450 markets at Zillow Real Estate Research. Zillow also sponsors the quarterly Zillow Home Price Expectations Survey, which asks more than 100 leading economists, real estate experts and investment and market strategists to predict the path of the Zillow Home Value Index over the next five years. Zillow also sponsors the bi-annual Zillow Housing Confidence Index (ZHCI) which measures consumer confidence in local housing markets, both currently and over time. Launched in 2006, Zillow is owned and operated by Zillow Group (NASDAQ:Z and ZG), and headquartered in Seattle.

Zillow and Zestimate are registered trademarks of Zillow, Inc.

[i] The Zillow Real Estate Market Reports are a monthly overview of the national and local real estate markets. The reports are compiled by Zillow Real Estate Research. For more information, visit www.zillow.com/research/. The data in Zillow's Real Estate Market Reports are aggregated from public sources by a number of data providers for 928 metropolitan and micropolitan areas dating back to 1996. Mortgage and home loan data are typically recorded in each county and publicly available through a county recorder's office. All current monthly data at the national, state, metro, city, ZIP code and neighborhood level can be accessed at www.zillow.com/local-info/ and www.zillow.com/research/data.

[ii] The Zillow Home Value Index is the median estimated home value for a given geographic area on a given day and includes the value of all single-family residences, condominiums and cooperatives, regardless of whether they sold within a given period. It is expressed in dollars, and seasonally adjusted.

[iii] The ZHCI is computed by Pulsenomics® from data compiled by the Zillow-sponsored U.S. Housing Confidence Survey (HCS), consisting of more than 10,000 completed household interviews with adult landline and cellphone users nationwide. This edition of the ZHCI is derived from data collected in the July 2015 edition of the HCS, conducted between July 7 and July 16, 2015. At a 95% confidence interval, the theoretical margin of sampling error for an aggregated, household-weighted sample of 10,000 (comprised of 20 metro-level probability samples of 500 each) is +/- 1.2%, and larger for sub-groups (e.g., +/- 1.5% for all homeowner households, and +/- 2.0% for all renter households). More than 350,000 consumer responses pertaining to the real estate market where each survey respondent lives are recorded by Pulsenomics to produce each edition of the ZHCI. To view or download all 252 index values that comprise each edition of the ZHCI data set, or to learn more about the ZHCI calculation methodology, please visit Zillow.com/research or pulsenomics.com.

[iv] The Zillow Rent Index is the median Rent Zestimate® (estimated monthly rental price) for a given geographic area on a given day, and includes the value of all single-family residences, condominiums, cooperatives and apartments in Zillow's database, regardless of whether they are currently listed for rent. It is expressed in dollars.

 

SOURCE Zillow

For further information: Lauren Braun, Zillow, 206-757-2701 or press@zillow.com


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